Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

Warning Signs of a Heart Attack


A heart attack is a serious medical emergency that occurs when blood is blocked from reaching the heart. Without needed blood flow, the heart cannot receive the oxygen it needs, and it will start to fail.

There are a few warning signs that may occur before a heart attack. These signs should not be ignored as they could be life-threatening.

Men and women sometimes experience heart attack symptoms differently. Women are more likely than men to experience symptoms such as lightheadedness, nausea, shortness of breath, and upper body pains. For this reason, women are more likely to dismiss symptoms as something else, like the flu. Women experience more fatal heart attacks than men because they often wait too long to get help. However, overall men are much more likely to experience a heart attack than women,


Warning Signs of a Heart Attack


1. Chest Pains

Chest pain is the most common sign of a heart attack. It usually starts a discomfort in the center of the chest that will last more than a few minutes. It may be consistent or come and go. The discomfort may feel like pressure, squeezing, or severe pain.

2. Lightheadedness and Nausea

Heart attack victims may also feel some dizziness and lightheadedness. They may also experience some nausea, heartburn, and vomiting. Stomach pain often accompanies heart attacks. You may also notice cold sweats and other feverish symptoms.

3. Upper Body Pain

Experiencing discomfort in the upper body is also very common in heart attacks. It may be a pain in one or both arms, the neck or back, or jaw.

4. Shortness of Breath

Shortness of breath is common in the event of a heart attack. You may experience trouble breathing or catching your breath. This sign may or may occur with chest pains.

5. Unexplained Excessive Fatigue

An unexampled drop in energy is another sign that something is up. Without your needed blood flow, fatigue can set in.


What to Do

If are you noticing any of these warning signs of a heart attack in yourself or someone else, do not hesitate to call 911 immediately. When warning signs start, acting fast can save lives. Even if you are unsure it’s a heart attack, better safe than sorry. Emergency medical services will soon be on their way to you when you call 911.

Preventing Heart Attacks

Heart attacks cannot always be prevented, but there are things you can do to promote heart health. Certain lifestyle changes can make a big difference. Living an active lifestyle will keep your heart healthy longer. Eating healthier will make a big difference too—try to incorporate more veggies and lean proteins into your daily diet. Controlling stress levels and practicing breathing exercises will also help your heart.

Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption is also recommended. And of course, avoid smoking.

Maintain overall health and avoiding other issues such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes will greatly limit your risk for a heart attack.

First Aid Skills Everyone Should Learn

8 First Aid Skills Everyone Should Learn


Having knowledge of basic first aid skills could save someone’s life or your own life. These skills are easy to learn and recall in emergency situations. Basic skills like CPR, setting a splint, stopping bleeding in dire situations, are important life skills.

1. CPR

Perhaps the most well-known, and most important first aid skill—CPR. Learning CPR is very simple, it takes about five minutes, and it could save a life. CPR is short for cardiopulmonary resuscitation—it provides artificial ventilation that can preserve brain function, blood circulation, and breathing in a person. In an emergency situation, knowing how to perform CPR is invaluable.

2. Heimlich Maneuver

If someone is choking, the Heimlich can dislodge whatever it is that is blocking their airways to save their life or prevent potential brain damage. Typically, a person who has had their airways cut off has about five minutes before brain damage occurs.

3. Set a Splint

If you are far away from help and someone in your group has suffered a broken bone, you’ll need to set a splint. If the injury is not set before moving the injured person, it could get worse and cause excessive pain. A split can be set with household items or with a stick and clothing if you out on the trails or in the mountains.

4. Stop the Bleeding

When you’re in a situation where someone is bleeding excessively, it’s important to stop the bleeding. The injured person could be bleeding from a main artery or vein, in which case they could bleed out in 10-15 minutes. Stopping the bleeding could be a matter of life or death. Learning how to make a tourniquet is simple and extremely helpful.

5. Treat a Burn

There are three degrees of burn injuries and treating each degree is different. First degree burns really just need topical remedies and loose gauze. Second-degree burns will be blistered and a little swollen. Run it under cool water, then treat similar to a first-degree burn. Third-degree burns are classified by whitening of the skin, blistering, and numbness. These burns should be treated by a doctor.

6. Spot a Concussion

Concussions are dangerous and require medical attention. After a blow to the head, you should check for symptoms like dizziness, pupil dilation, coherence, etc. If left untreated a concussion can have long term effects on the brain. Seek medical attention if there are any signs of a concussion.

7. Support a Sprain

Sprains are common injuries. The sprained joint should be wrapped with an ace bandage and elevated until a doctor can take a look at it. Usually, the best treatment for sprains is R.I.C.E.—rest, ice, compression, elevation. If a sprain is not properly taken care of it can cause long-term cartilage and tissue damage.

8. Sutures and Stitches

Hopefully, you never find yourself in a situation where you need to perform stitches, but you never know. You may find yourself in a situation where you need to closure up a wound before getting medical help.


The Three C’s of an Emergency and the Three P’s of First Aid

Three C’s of an Emergency and Three P’s of First Aid


It can be difficult to think clearly in the midst of an emergency. Training your brain before you find yourself in a high-pressure situation may help you save a life or potentially help someone in pain. There are three basic C’s to remember—check, call, and care. When it comes to first aid, there are three P’s to remember—preserve life, prevent deterioration, and promote recovery.

The Three C’s of Emergency


Check means checking for anything unsafe. If the emergency is surrounded by danger, assistance may be needed. Rushing into a scene without taking in present dangers may lead to more harm for yourself or others. For example, if there a car wreck happens in a high traffic area or there is someone in need of help in a fire, you will need to seek assistance. Check the scene before entering it. Take the evolution of the scene. Next check if the victim is breathing. You may need to give specific care such as CPR.


In emergency situations, it’s important to call 911 immediately. As a first responder, act right away to get help from professionals. Inspect the scene, gather needed information—check for breathing and pulse from any victims, and any other helpful information. Provide correct information for local authorities and get them involved as soon as possible.


After checking the scene and calling for help, provide care until medical professionals arrive on the scene. Monitor the victims breathing. You may need to stop bleeding or perform CPR. Follow the circulation-airway-breathing of first aid.

The Three P’s of First Aid

Preserve Life

As a first responder to any situation, your first priority should be to preserve life. You may need to perform CPR, stop bleeding or take other action to preserve the victim’s life. Start with C-A-B—circulation, airway, and breathing. Asses the quality of the victim’s circulation, adjust if needed. Ensure that the victim has no blocks to their airway and that they are breathing. The goal is to prevent the condition from worsening in any way.

Prevent Deterioration

Do what you can to keep the victim in stable condition until medical professionals arrive. The goal is to prevent the condition from worsening and prevent any potential further injury. This may mean moving the victim to a safer location, applying first aid, stabilizing them, or just staying with the victim and providing comfort.

Promote Recovery

After you’ve done what you can do with first aid treatment, your job now is to promote recovery. This can be done by encouraging confidence, providing comfort, attempting to relieve pain, and so on.

These tips and tricks for emergency situations and first aid will likely differ based on your specific situation. But remembering the basics of what to do may help you save a life or prevent further pain. Know these simple steps before you find yourself in a situation where it’s hard to think clearly.