Safety Tips For Outdoor Adventures

Safety Tips For Outdoor Adventures

 

With summer coming, it’s time for outdoor adventures. Be safe this summer with a few of these outdoor adventure tips that can save you a lot of trouble, in case of an emergency.

1. Use the buddy system.

Emergency situations are much more difficult to handle alone. There is safety in numbers. Traveling alone presents a lot of dangers. Having someone to help you if something goes wrong is invaluable.

2. Check the weather.

Before you head out on an adventure, check the weather. Don’t get caught in a storm unprepared and far from safety. If it is safe to proceed, be sure that you are dressed appropriately for the weather.

3. Wear appropriate clothing.

Dressing appropriately for your adventure can make all the difference. An otherwise perfect day on the trails can be miserable with the wrong hiking shoes, or uncomfortable clothing. Even if it isn’t the most fashion forward, dressing well for the activity you are doing will make it much more enjoyable.

4. Set up camp before dark.

If you’re planning on spending the night, be sure to get up camp before dark. Plan to have your camp set up at least two hours before nightfall—in case something goes wrong. You may think you get set up your tent in a matter of minutes and then find that you are missing a pole or other vital part. Leave yourself time to deal with any problems that may occur so that you don’t find yourself stumbling around in the dark.

5. Pack a first aid kit.

No matter what adventure you’re going on, you should have a first aid kit. You never know when it might come in handy. Whether it’s a blister, a small cut, or something more serious—if any sort of injury happens, you’ll be glad you packed it.

6. Bring sunscreen.

Wear your sunscreen. Even if it doesn’t seem hot outside, you can still get fried. No matter the temperature outside, exposure to the sun can burn you. You may not feel hot or that you are getting burned, but it can still be happening.

7. Let someone know where you are.

Before you take off, be sure to share your itinerary with a friend or family member. If you are in cell service, it may also be helpful to share your location with someone. That way, if something does go wrong, or you don’t return home when you expected to, you can be easily found.

8. Stay hydrated.

No matter your activity, be sure that you are drinking plenty of water. You should also take extra water with you. Being outside for extended periods, it’s easy to get dehydrated or suffer from heat exhaustion. Be smart—drink water.

9. Learn basic repair skills.

Be sure you know some basic repair skills. For example, if you’re a biker—can you change a flat tire? Having some general know-how of your activity will help you avoid some sticky situations.

10. Stay near the trail.

Don’t wander too far off the trail. This is where it’s easy to get lost and difficult to be found. Be sure that you stay on or very close by trail markers.

 

Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

 

A heart attack is a serious medical emergency that occurs when blood is blocked from reaching the heart. Without needed blood flow, the heart cannot receive the oxygen it needs, and it will start to fail.

There are a few warning signs that may occur before a heart attack. These signs should not be ignored as they could be life-threatening.

Men and women sometimes experience heart attack symptoms differently. Women are more likely than men to experience symptoms such as lightheadedness, nausea, shortness of breath, and upper body pains. For this reason, women are more likely to dismiss symptoms as something else, like the flu. Women experience more fatal heart attacks than men because they often wait too long to get help. However, overall men are much more likely to experience a heart attack than women,

 

Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

 

1. Chest Pains

Chest pain is the most common sign of a heart attack. It usually starts a discomfort in the center of the chest that will last more than a few minutes. It may be consistent or come and go. The discomfort may feel like pressure, squeezing, or severe pain.

2. Lightheadedness and Nausea

Heart attack victims may also feel some dizziness and lightheadedness. They may also experience some nausea, heartburn, and vomiting. Stomach pain often accompanies heart attacks. You may also notice cold sweats and other feverish symptoms.

3. Upper Body Pain

Experiencing discomfort in the upper body is also very common in heart attacks. It may be a pain in one or both arms, the neck or back, or jaw.

4. Shortness of Breath

Shortness of breath is common in the event of a heart attack. You may experience trouble breathing or catching your breath. This sign may or may occur with chest pains.

5. Unexplained Excessive Fatigue

An unexampled drop in energy is another sign that something is up. Without your needed blood flow, fatigue can set in.

 

What to Do

If are you noticing any of these warning signs of a heart attack in yourself or someone else, do not hesitate to call 911 immediately. When warning signs start, acting fast can save lives. Even if you are unsure it’s a heart attack, better safe than sorry. Emergency medical services will soon be on their way to you when you call 911.

Preventing Heart Attacks

Heart attacks cannot always be prevented, but there are things you can do to promote heart health. Certain lifestyle changes can make a big difference. Living an active lifestyle will keep your heart healthy longer. Eating healthier will make a big difference too—try to incorporate more veggies and lean proteins into your daily diet. Controlling stress levels and practicing breathing exercises will also help your heart.

Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption is also recommended. And of course, avoid smoking.

Maintain overall health and avoiding other issues such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes will greatly limit your risk for a heart attack.

First Aid Skills Everyone Should Learn

8 First Aid Skills Everyone Should Learn

 

Having knowledge of basic first aid skills could save someone’s life or your own life. These skills are easy to learn and recall in emergency situations. Basic skills like CPR, setting a splint, stopping bleeding in dire situations, are important life skills.

1. CPR

Perhaps the most well-known, and most important first aid skill—CPR. Learning CPR is very simple, it takes about five minutes, and it could save a life. CPR is short for cardiopulmonary resuscitation—it provides artificial ventilation that can preserve brain function, blood circulation, and breathing in a person. In an emergency situation, knowing how to perform CPR is invaluable.

2. Heimlich Maneuver

If someone is choking, the Heimlich can dislodge whatever it is that is blocking their airways to save their life or prevent potential brain damage. Typically, a person who has had their airways cut off has about five minutes before brain damage occurs.

3. Set a Splint

If you are far away from help and someone in your group has suffered a broken bone, you’ll need to set a splint. If the injury is not set before moving the injured person, it could get worse and cause excessive pain. A split can be set with household items or with a stick and clothing if you out on the trails or in the mountains.

4. Stop the Bleeding

When you’re in a situation where someone is bleeding excessively, it’s important to stop the bleeding. The injured person could be bleeding from a main artery or vein, in which case they could bleed out in 10-15 minutes. Stopping the bleeding could be a matter of life or death. Learning how to make a tourniquet is simple and extremely helpful.

5. Treat a Burn

There are three degrees of burn injuries and treating each degree is different. First degree burns really just need topical remedies and loose gauze. Second-degree burns will be blistered and a little swollen. Run it under cool water, then treat similar to a first-degree burn. Third-degree burns are classified by whitening of the skin, blistering, and numbness. These burns should be treated by a doctor.

6. Spot a Concussion

Concussions are dangerous and require medical attention. After a blow to the head, you should check for symptoms like dizziness, pupil dilation, coherence, etc. If left untreated a concussion can have long term effects on the brain. Seek medical attention if there are any signs of a concussion.

7. Support a Sprain

Sprains are common injuries. The sprained joint should be wrapped with an ace bandage and elevated until a doctor can take a look at it. Usually, the best treatment for sprains is R.I.C.E.—rest, ice, compression, elevation. If a sprain is not properly taken care of it can cause long-term cartilage and tissue damage.

8. Sutures and Stitches

Hopefully, you never find yourself in a situation where you need to perform stitches, but you never know. You may find yourself in a situation where you need to closure up a wound before getting medical help.